The relativistic hyperbolic parallelogram law. (English) Zbl 1210.83003
Mladenov, Ivaïlo (ed.) et al., Proceedings of the 7th international conference on geometry, integrability and quantization, Sts. Constantine and Elena, Bulgaria, June 2–10, 2005. Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (ISBN 954-8495-30-9/pbk). 249-264 (2006).
Summary: A gyrovector is a hyperbolic vector. Gyrovectors are equivalence classes of directed gyrosegments that add according to the gyroparallelogram law just as vectors are equivalence classes of directed segments that add according to the parallelogram law. In the “gyrolanguage” of this paper one attaches the prefix “gyro” to a classical term to mean the analogous term in hyperbolic geometry. The prefix stems from Thomas gyration, which is the mathematical abstraction of the relativistic effect known as Thomas precession.
Gyrolanguage turns out to be the language one needs to articulate novel analogies that the classical and the modern in this paper share. The aim of this article is to employ recent developments in analytic hyperbolic geometry for the presentation of the relativistic hyperbolic parallelogram law, and the relativistic particle aberration.