zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Examples
Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

Operators
a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
Fields
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
Why least squares and maximum entropy? An axiomatic approach to inference for linear inverse problems. (English) Zbl 0753.62003

Summary: An attempt is made to determine the logically consistent rules for selecting a vector from any feasible set defined by linear constraints, when either all n-vectors or those with positive components or the probability vectors are permissible. Some basic postulates are satisfied if and only if the selection rule is to minimize a certain function which, if a “ prior guess” is available, is a measure of distance from the prior guess. Two further natural postulates restrict the permissible distances to the author’s f-divergences and Bregman’s divergences [L. M. Bregman, USSR Comput. Math. Math. Phys. 7, No. 3, 200-217 (1969); translation from Zh. Vychisl. Mat. Mat. Fiz. 7, 620-631 (1967; Zbl 0186.238)], respectively.

As corollaries, axiomatic characterizations of the methods of least squares and minimum discrimination information are arrived at. Alternatively, the latter are also characterized by a postulate of composition consistency. As a special case, a derivation of the method of maximum entropy from a small set of natural axioms is obtained.


MSC:
62B10Statistical information theory
62A01Foundations and philosophical topics in statistics