zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Examples
Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

Operators
a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
Fields
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
Hopf bifurcation in three-species food chain models with group defense. (English) Zbl 0761.92039
Summary: Three-species food-chain models, in which the prey population exhibits group defense, are considered. Using the carrying capacity of the environment as the bifurcation parameter, it is shown that the model without delay undergoes a sequence of Hopf bifurcations. In the model with delay it is shown that using a delay as a bifurcation parameter, a Hopf bifurcation can also occur in this case. These occurrences may be interpreted as showing that a region of local stability (survival) may exist even though the positive steady states are unstable. A computer code BIFDD is used to determine the stability of the bifurcation solutions of a delay model.
MSC:
92D40Ecology
34C23Bifurcation (ODE)
34D99Stability theory of ODE