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A tabu search algorithm for the vehicle routing problem. (English) Zbl 0941.90017
Summary: The purpose of this study is to develop a new tabu seach heuristic to solve the single-depot vehicle routing problem of a distribution company carrying goods from a depot to a set of dedicated dealers. The heuristic proposes a new neighbourhood generation procedure which considers the scattering pattern in the locations of the dealers. A set of neighbours are generated by first executing a procedure which ignores the clustering of the vertices and then executing a second procedure which takes into account the relative locations of the dealers; then the feasible non-tabu move among these with the best objective function value is implemented. During neighbourhood construction, a combination of traditional improvement techniques are used simultaneously in order to achieve the exchange of vertices. The intensification efforts, on the other hand, are focused upon the hill-climbing behaviour of the search, and the diversification step which is standard in all previous tabu search approaches is not included in this heuristic. Numerical results on well-known benchmark problems indicate that the performance of the algorithm developed in this study is compatible with the other best-known algorithms in the literature.
MSC:
90B20Traffic problems
90C59Approximation methods and heuristics