zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Examples
Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

Operators
a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
Fields
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
High accuracy solution of three-dimensional biharmonic equations. (English) Zbl 0992.65115

Summary: We consider several finite-difference approximations for the three-dimensional biharmonic equation. A symbolic algebra package is utilized to derive a family of finite-difference approximations for the biharmonic equation on a 27 point compact stencil. The unknown solution and its first derivatives are carried as unknowns at selected grid points. This formulation allows us to incorporate the Dirichlet boundary conditions automatically and there is no need to define special formulas near the boundaries, as is the case with the standard discretizations of biharmonic equations.

We exhibit the standard second-order, finite-difference approximation that requires 25 grid points. We also exhibit two compact formulations of the 3D biharmonic equations; these compact formulas are defined on a 27 point cubic grid. The fourth-order approximations are used to solve a set of test problems and produce high accuracy numerical solutions.

The system of linear equations is solved using a variety of iterative methods. We employ multigrid and preconditioned Krylov iterative methods to solve the system of equations. Test results from two test problems are reported. In these experiments, the multigrid method gives excellent results. The multigrid preconditioning also gives good results using Krylov methods.

MSC:
65N06Finite difference methods (BVP of PDE)
65Y15Packaged methods in numerical analysis
35J40Higher order elliptic equations, boundary value problems
65N55Multigrid methods; domain decomposition (BVP of PDE)
31B30Biharmonic and polyharmonic equations and functions (higher-dimensional)
65F10Iterative methods for linear systems
65F35Matrix norms, conditioning, scaling (numerical linear algebra)
65N15Error bounds (BVP of PDE)
68W30Symbolic computation and algebraic computation