The two-dimensional system
is considered, where , , , are real matrices and is a two-dimensional real vector function. It is supposed that the functions are absolutely continuous on , are locally Lebesgue integrable on and the function satisfies Carathéodory conditions on
with . The authors use an original approach for the investigation – with the aid of complex variables the system is rewritten into an equivalent equation with complex-valued coefficients. (This idea was used in a previous paper of the first author, too, see also M. Ráb and J. Kalas [Differ. Integral Equ. 3, No. 1, 127-144 (1990; Zbl 0724.34060)].) Stability and asymptotic stability of the trivial solution, and further asymptotic properties (e.g., the boundedness of all solutions by exponential functions) are studied by means of an appropriate Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional. This approach does not require the uniform stability or uniform asymptotics stability of a corresponding linear system and leads to new, effective and easy applicable results. An illustrative example is considered. The authors discuss possible generalizations, too.