Summary: J. A. P. Heesterbeek
and J. A. P. Metz
[J. Math. Biol. 31, 529-539 (1993; Zbl 0770.92021
)] derived an expression for the saturating contact rate of individual contacts in an epidemiological model. In this paper, the SEIR model with this saturating contact rate is studied. The basic reproduction number
is proved to be a sharp threshold which completely determines the global dynamics and the outcome of the disease. If
, the disease-free equilibrium is globally stable and the disease always dies out. If
, there exists a unique endemic equilibrium which is globally stable and the disease persists at an endemic equilibrium state if it initially exists. The contribution of the saturating contact rate to the basic reproduction number and the level of the endemic equilibrium are also analyzed.