A new bound for the smallest
. (English) Zbl 1042.11001
Summary: Let denote the number of primes and let denote the usual integral logarithm of . We prove that there are at least integer values of in the vicinity of with . This improves earlier bounds of Skewes, Lehman, and te Riele. We also plot more than 10000 values of in four different regions, including the regions discovered by Lehman, te Riele, and the authors of this paper, and a more distant region in the vicinity of , where appears to exceed by more than . The plots strongly suggest, although upper bounds derived to date for are not sufficient for a proof, that exceeds for at least integers in the vicinity of . If it is possible to improve our bound for by finding a sign change before , our first plot clearly delineates the potential candidates. Finally, we compute the logarithmic density of and find that as departs from the region in the vicinity of , the density is , and that it varies from this by no more than over the next integers. This should be compared to Rubinstein and Sarnak.
|11-04||Machine computation, programs (number theory)|
|11A15||Power residues, reciprocity|
|11M26||Nonreal zeros of and ; Riemann and other hypotheses|