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On a class of preconditioners for solving the Helmholtz equation. (English) Zbl 1051.65101

Summary: In 1983, a preconditioner was proposed by A. Bayliss, C. I. Goldstein, and E. Turkel [J. Comput. Phys. 49, 443–457 (1983; Zbl 0524.65068)] based on the Laplace operator for solving the discrete Helmholtz equation efficiently with CGNR. The preconditioner is especially effective for low wavenumber cases where the linear system is slightly indefinite. A. L. Laird [Preconditioned iterative solution of the 2D Helmholtz equation, First Year’s Report, St. Hugh’s College, Oxford (2001)] proposed a preconditioner where an extra term is added to the Laplace operator. This term is similar to the zeroth order term in the Helmholtz equation but with reversed sign.

Both approaches are further generalized to a new class of preconditioners, the so-called “shifted Laplace” preconditioners of the form Δφ-αk 2 φ with α. Numerical experiments for various wavenumbers indicate the effectiveness of the preconditioner. The preconditioner is evaluated in combination with GMRES, Bi-CGSTAB, and CGNR.

65N06Finite difference methods (BVP of PDE)
35J05Laplacian operator, reduced wave equation (Helmholtz equation), Poisson equation
65F35Matrix norms, conditioning, scaling (numerical linear algebra)
65F10Iterative methods for linear systems