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Harvesting in a two-prey one-predator fishery: A bioeconomic model. (English) Zbl 1052.92052
Summary: A multispecies harvesting model with interference is proposed. The model is based on Lotka-Volterra dynamics with two competing species which are affected not only by harvesting but also by the presence of a predator, the third species. In order to understand the dynamics of this complicated system, we choose to model the simplest possible predator response function in which the feeding rate of the predator increases linearly with prey density. We derive the conditions for global stability of the system using a Lyapunov function. The possibility of existence of a bioeconomic equilibrium is discussed. The optimal harvest policy is studied and the solution is derived in the equilibrium case using Pontryagin’s maximum principle. Finally, some numerical examples are discussed.
MSC:
92D40Ecology
34D23Global stability of ODE
49N90Applications of optimal control and differential games
34D20Stability of ODE
91B76Environmental economics (natural resource models, harvesting, pollution, etc.)