The authors determine the order of convexity of hypergeometric functions as well as the order of starlikness of shifted hypergeometric functions , for certain ranges of the real parameters and . As a consequence he obtains the sharp lower bound for the order of convexity of the convolution when is convex of order and is convex of order , and likewise obtains the sharp lower bound for the order of starlikness of when are starlike of order , respectively. Further he obtains convexity in the direction of the imaginary axis for hypergeometric functions and for three ratios of hypergeometric functions as well as for the corresponding shifted expressions.
In the proofs he uses the continued fraction of Gauss, a theorem of Wall which yields a characterization of Haussdorff moment sequences by means of (continued) g-fractions, and results of Merkes, Wirths and Pólya. Finally he states a subordination problem.
This paper presents the main result of the author’s Diploma thesis written at the University of Würzburg under the guidance of professor Stephan Ruscheweyh to whom the author is deeply indepted as well as to Richard Greiner.