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Persistence and periodic orbits for an SIS model in a polluted environment. (English) Zbl 1064.92040

Summary: Usually, man is infected with some kinds of epidemic disease since they live in a polluted environment, such as air pollution (e.g., pulmonary tuberculosis), or water pollution (e.g., snail fever). These kinds of toxicants are generated by a polluted biological (e.g., degradation of forests, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease from bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE)), physical (e.g., nuclear radiation syndrome of the Gulf War), or chemical environment (e.g., petroleum leaking dioxin event in Belgium). As we know, the environmental pollution has been a very serious global problem, which may influence the spread of infectious diseases, and hence, has big effects on human health.

We study an SIS (susceptible/infected/susceptible) epidemic model with toxicology. Using the Brouwer fixed-point theorem we show the existence of periodic solutions of such a system; we also prove the global attraction of these solutions, and we obtain the threshold between extinction and weak persistence for the infected class.

MSC:
92D30Epidemiology
92D40Ecology
37N25Dynamical systems in biology
34K60Qualitative investigation and simulation of models