This paper is concerned with the asymptotic stability of the delay differential systems of neutral type
where are positive constant delays, constant real matrices of appropriate dimensions, and the nonlinear functions satisfy , , for some scalars . For system , the author gives sufficient conditions on the matrix coefficients that imply the asymptotic stability of the zero solution. The main advantage of the present result is that the sufficient conditions for stability can be checked by means of a convex optimization algorithm whereas other stability criteria are expressed in terms of matrix norms and turn out to be more conservative. Some examples of two-dimensional problems are presented in which the stability is tested by using Matlab’s LMI Control Toolbox.