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Optimal pulse fishing policy in stage-structured models with birth pulses. (English) Zbl 1065.92056

Summary: We propose exploited models with stage structure for the dynamics in a fish population for which periodic birth pulse and pulse fishing occur at different fixed times. Using the stroboscopic map, we obtain an exact cycle of the system, and obtain threshold conditions for its stability. Bifurcation diagrams are constructed with the birth rate (or pulse fishing time or harvesting effort) as the bifurcation parameter, and these are observed to display complex dynamic behaviors, including chaotic bands with period windows, period-doubling, multi-period-halving and incomplete period-doubling bifurcation, pitch-fork and tangent bifurcation, non-unique dynamics (meaning that several attractors or attractor and chaos coexist) and attractor crises. This suggests that birth pulse and pulse fishing provide a natural period or cyclicity that make the dynamical behaviors more complex.

Moreover, we show that pulse fishing has a strong impact on the persistence of the fish population, on the volume of mature fish stock and on the maximum annual-sustainable yield. An interesting result is obtained that, after the birth pulse, the population can sustain much higher harvesting effort if the mature fish is removed as early as possible.

MSC:
92D40Ecology
34D23Global stability of ODE
34C60Qualitative investigation and simulation of models (ODE)
34D05Asymptotic stability of ODE
34A37Differential equations with impulses