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Strong invariance and one-sided Lipschitz multifunctions. (English) Zbl 1068.34010

The paper is devoted to the study of some viability issues concerning differential inclusions in the Euclidean space n . The authors study the Cauchy problem

x ' F(t,x),xS,tI=[t 0 ,t 1 ),x(t 0 )=x 0 S,(*)

where S n is closed, F has convex compact values, is almost upper semicontinuous and integrably bounded. In order to establish the strong invariance (strong viability), that is to show that any solution to (*) with x 0 S remains in S, they introduce the max-Hamiltonian H F (t,x,y)=sup zF(t,x) z,y and, instead of the Lipschitz continuity of F which has been usually assumed to get the strong invariance, they assume that H F satisfies the so-called one sided Lipschitz estimates of the form H F (t,x,x-y)-H F (t,y,x-y)k(t)x-y where k is locally integrable. They further prove that, under these assumptions, S is strongly invariant, provided that the for almost all t, asymptotically H(t,x,y)0 for all vectors y in the proximal normal cone N S P (x) at xS.

The authors study also the situation of time dependent state constraints S(t), tI, and show conditions equivalent to the weak and strong invariance. These conditions are stated in terms of Hamilton-Jacobi-type inequalities.

MSC:
34A60Differential inclusions
49J53Set-valued and variational analysis
49L99Hamilton-Jacobi theories, including dynamic programming