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An analysis of vegetation stripe formation in semi-arid landscapes. (English) Zbl 1068.92047
Summary: Vegetation stripes (“tiger bush”) are a characteristic feature of semi-arid environments. The stripes typically lie along the contours of gentle slopes, and some authors report a gradual uphill migration. A previous mathematical model of C. A. Klausmeier [Science 284, 1826–1828 (1999)] has shown that this phenomenon can be explained relatively simply by the downhill flow of rainwater coupled with the diffusive spread of the plant population. This paper presents a detailed analysis of pattern formation in the Klausmeier model. The author derives formulae for the wavelength and migration speed of the predicted patterns, and systematically investigates how these depend on model parameters. The results make new predictions and suggest possible approaches to testing the model.
MSC:
92D40Ecology
92C15Developmental biology, pattern formation
92C80Plant biology
35Q80Appl. of PDE in areas other than physics (MSC2000)
References:
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