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Detection and continuation of a border collision bifurcation in a forest fire model. (English) Zbl 1073.92052
Summary: The behavior of the simplest forest fire model is studied in this paper through bifurcation analysis. The model is a second-order continuous-time impact model where vegetational growth is described as a continuous and slow dynamic process, while fires are modeled as instantaneous and disruptive events. The transition from Mediterranean forests (characterized by wild chaotic fire regimes) to savannas and boreal forests (where fires are almost periodic) is recognized to be a catastrophic transition known as border collision bifurcation in the context of discrete-time systems. In the present case such a bifurcation can be easily detected numerically and then continued by solving a standard boundary-value problem. The result of the analysis complement previous simulation studies and are consistent with biological intuition.
MSC:
92D40Ecology
37N25Dynamical systems in biology
34C23Bifurcation (ODE)