Stability and dissipativity theory for nonnegative dynamical systems: a unified analysis framework for biological and physiological systems.

*(English)* Zbl 1074.93030
Summary: Nonnegative dynamical system models are derived from mass and energy balance considerations that involve dynamic states whose values are nonnegative. These models are widespread in biological, physiological, and ecological sciences and play a key role in the understanding of these processes. In this paper we develop several results on stability, dissipativity, and stability of feedback interconnections of linear and nonlinear nonnegative dynamical systems. Specifically, using linear Lyapunov functions we develop necessary and sufficient conditions for Lyapunov stability, semistability, that is, system trajectory convergence to Lyapunov stable equilibrium points, and asymptotic stability for nonnegative dynamical systems. In addition, using linear and nonlinear storage functions with linear supply rates we develop new notions of dissipativity theory for nonnegative dynamical systems. Finally, these results are used to develop general stability criteria for feedback interconnections of nonnegative dynamical systems.

##### MSC:

93D05 | Lyapunov and other classical stabilities of control systems |

92B05 | General biology and biomathematics |

93C10 | Nonlinear control systems |

34A30 | Linear ODE and systems, general |

34D20 | Stability of ODE |