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Justification and failure of the nonlinear Schrödinger equation in case of non-trivial quadratic resonances. (English) Zbl 1075.35080
Summary: The nonlinear Schrödinger (NLS) equation can be derived as an amplitude equation describing slow modulations in time and space of an underlying spatially and temporarily oscillating wave packet. The purpose of this paper is to prove estimates, between the formal approximation, obtained via the NLS equation, and true solutions of the original system in case of nontrivial quadratic resonances. It turns out that the approximation property (APP) holds if the approximation is stable in the system for the three-wave interaction (TWI) associated to the resonance. We construct a counterexample showing that the NLS equation can fail to approximate the original system if instability occurs for the approximation in the TWI system. In the unstable case we give some arguments why the validity of the APP can be expected for spatially localized solutions and why it cannot be expected for non-localized solutions. Although, we restrict ourselves to a nonlinear wave equation as original system we believe that the results hold in more general situations, too.
MSC:
35Q55NLS-like (nonlinear Schrödinger) equations
76B15Water waves, gravity waves; dispersion and scattering, nonlinear interaction
78A60Lasers, masers, optical bistability, nonlinear optics