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The fundamental solutions for fractional evolution equations of parabolic type. (English) Zbl 1081.34053

Let 0<α1, T>0, E a Banach space, {A(t);t[0,T]} a family of linear closed operators defined on dense set D(A) in E with values in E, u:EE a function, u 0 D(A), f:[0,T]E a given function and B(E) be the Banach space of linear bounded operators EE endowed with the topology defined by the operator norm. Assume that D(A) is independent of t. Suppose that the operator

(A(t)+λI) -1

exists in B(E) for any λ with Reλ0 and

(C>0)(t[0,T])(λ)((A(t)+λI) -1 C(1+|λ|) -1 ,(C>0)(γ(0,1])((t 1 ,t 2 ,S)[0,T] 3 )((A(t 2 )-A(t 1 )(A -1 (s))C|t 2 -t 1 | γ ),(C>0)(β(0,1])((t 1 ,t 2 )[0,T] 2 )((f(t 2 )-f(t 1 )C|t 2 -t 1 | β )·

The author considers the fractional integral evolution equation

u(t)=u 0 -(Γ(α)) -1 0 t (t-θ) α-1 (A(θ)u(θ)-f(θ))dθ,(1)

where Γ:(0,+) is the Gamma-function, constructs the fundamental solution of the homogeneous fractional differential equation

d α v(t) dt α +A(t)v(t)=0,t>0,(2)

and proves the existence and uniqueness of the solution of (2) with the initial condition v(0)=u 0 .

The author also proves the continuous dependence of the solutions of equation (1) on the element u 0 and the function f and gives an application to a mixed problem of a parabolic partial differential equation of fractional order.

MSC:
34G10Linear ODE in abstract spaces
35K99Parabolic equations and systems
45J05Integro-ordinary differential equations
26A33Fractional derivatives and integrals (real functions)