García-Falset, Jesús (ed.) et al., Proceedings of the international conference on fixed-point theory and its applications, Valencia, Spain, July 13–19, 2003. Yokohama: Yokohama Publishers (ISBN 4-946552-13-8/hbk). 113-142 (2004).
The paper under review is the second part of the author’s earlier paper [Geodesic geometry and fixed point theory. Girela Alvarez, Daniel (ed.) et al., Seminar of mathematical analysis. Proceedings of the seminar which was held at the Universities of Malaga and Seville, Spain, September 2002-February 2003. Sevilla: Universidad de Sevilla, Secretariado de Publicaciones. 195–225 (2003; Zbl 1058.53061)]. It deals with fixed point theory in metric spaces, in particular in Aleksandrov domains (for domains, see the foundational papers by A. D. Aleksandrov [Tr. Mat. Inst. Steklova 38, 5–23 (1951; Zbl 0049.39501) and “Über eine Verallgemeinerung der Riemannschen Geometrie”, Ber. Riemann-Tagung Forsch.-Inst. Math. 33–84 (1957; Zbl 0077.35702)]), also known as spaces.
The paper starts with a short review of Aleksandrov spaces (in his paper, the author refers to Aleksandrov domains as “the so-called spaces of M. Gromov”) and the author’s previous results. The results presented in the paper deal with fixed point theorems in domains, approximate fixed point theorems and fixed point theorems for asymptotically nonexpansive mappings. The author starts with the following general result: if is a non-empty bounded closed convex subset of a complete domain and is a nonexpansive mapping, then the fixed point set of is nonempty, closed and convex. Next, the author extends one of his previous theorems to locally nonexpansive mappings by proving that for such mappings from a connected bounded open set in a complete domain to the domain itself, which can be extended continuously to , the following alternative holds: either has a fixed point in or .
Among results related to the fixed point theorems, the author also proves that a nonexpansive mapping of the product of a metric space which has the fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings and a complete bounded domain, relative to the metric (-metric) on the product, has at least one fixed point. If the second space is an -tree, the boundedness condition can be relaxed. A subset of a metric space has the approximate fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings if , for every nonexpansive mapping . It is proved that the product of a metric space with the approximate fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings and a bounded convex subset of a possibly incomplete domain has the approximate fixed point property for nonexpansive mappings. A mapping is called asymptotically nonexpansive if there is a sequence of real numbers with such that , for every . The author proves that if is a bounded closed and convex subset of a complete domain, then every asymptotically nonexpansive mapping has a fixed point.