zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Examples
Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

Operators
a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
Fields
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
Concentration and cavitation in the vanishing pressure limit of solutions to the Euler equations for nonisentropic fluids. (English) Zbl 1098.76603
Summary: Numerical simulations [2-D Riemann problem in gas dynamics and formation of spiral, in: Nonlinear Problems in Engineering and Science–Numerical and Analytical Approach (Beijing, 1991), Science Press, Beijing, 1992, pp. 167-179; Discrete Contin. Dyn. Syst. 1, 555-584 (1995); 6, 419-430 (2000)] for the Euler equations for gas dynamics in the regime of small pressure showed that, for one case, the particles seem to be more sticky and tend to concentrate near some shock locations, and for the other case, in the region of rarefaction waves, the particles seem to be far apart and tend to form cavitation in the region. In this paper we identify and analyze the phenomena of concentration and cavitation by studying the vanishing pressure limit of solutions of the full Euler equations for nonisentropic compressible fluids with a scaled pressure. It is rigorously shown that any Riemann solution containing two shocks and possibly one-contact-discontinuity to the Euler equations for nonisentropic fluids tends to a δ-shock solution to the corresponding transport equations, and the intermediate densities between the two shocks tend to a weighted δ-measure that, along with the two shocks and possibly contact-discontinuity, forms the δ-shock as the pressure vanishes. By contrast, it is also shown that any Riemann solution containing two rarefaction waves and possibly one-contact-discontinuity to the Euler equations for nonisentropic fluids tends to a two-contact-discontinuity solution to the transport equations, and the nonvacuum intermediate states between the two rarefaction waves tend to a vacuum state as the pressure vanishes. Some numerical results exhibiting the processes of concentration and cavitation are presented as the pressure decreases.
MSC:
76N15Gas dynamics, general
35B25Singular perturbations (PDE)
35L67Shocks and singularities
35Q35PDEs in connection with fluid mechanics
76L05Shock waves; blast waves (fluid mechanics)
76M99Basic methods in fluid mechanics