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A simple and effective evolutionary algorithm for the vehicle routing problem. (English) Zbl 1100.90504
Summary: The vehicle routing problem (VRP) plays a central role in the optimization of distribution networks. Since some classical instances with 75 nodes resist the best exact solution methods, most researchers concentrate on metaheuristics for solving real-life problems. Contrary to the VRP with time windows, no genetic algorithm (GA) can compete with the powerful tabu search (TS) methods designed for the VRP. This paper bridges the gap by presenting a relatively simple but effective hybrid GA. In terms of average solution cost, this algorithm outperforms most published TS heuristics on the 14 classical Christofides instances and becomes the best solution method for the 20 large-scale instances generated by Golden et al.
MSC:
90B10Network models, deterministic (optimization)
90C59Approximation methods and heuristics