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Note on the complex zeros of H ν ' +iζH ν (x)=0. (English) Zbl 1113.33006

This letter deals with a method for determining the complex ν-zeros of the expression

H ν ' (x)+iζH ν (x)=0,

where H ν (x) denotes the Hankel function of the first kind, arising in scattering problems from cylinders. The variable x (corresponding to the frequency) is supposed to be a large positive quantity while the parameter ζ is complex and results from the treatment when an impedance boundary condition is imposed. An approach expressing the zeros of the above Hankel functions in terms of the zeros of the Airy function and its derivative leads to approximations for the zeros of (1) that are satisfactory outside the zone given by (x/2) 1/3 |ζ|1. An alternative method that avoids this difficulty uses asymptotic expansions for the Hankel function in terms of only one type of Airy function Ai in the approximate form

Ai ' (-z)-qAi(z)=0,

where z and q are appropriate quantities that depend on x, ν and ζ. A numerical illustration of the accuracy obtainable for the zeros of (1) is given.

33C10Bessel and Airy functions, cylinder functions, 0 F 1
34E05Asymptotic expansions (ODE)
78A45Diffraction, scattering (optics)