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An enthalpy control volume method for transient mass and heat transport with solidification. (English) Zbl 1116.76393
Summary: A single domain enthalpy control volume method is developed for solving the coupled fluid flow and heat transfer with solidification problem arising from the continuous casting process. The governing equations consist of the continuity equation, the Navier-Stokes equations and the convection-diffusion equation. The formulation of the method is cast into the framework of the Petrov-Galerkin finite element method with a step test function across the control volume and locally constant approximation to the fluxes of heat and fluid. The use of the step test function and the constant flux approximation leads to the derivation of the exponential interpolating functions for the velocity and temperature fields within each control volume. The exponential fitting makes it possible to capture the sharp boundary layers around the solidification front. The method is then applied to investigate the effect of various casting parameters on the solidification profile and flow pattern of fluids in the casting process.
76M12Finite volume methods (fluid mechanics)
76T99Two-phase and multiphase flows
80A20Heat and mass transfer, heat flow
80A22Stefan problems, phase changes, etc.