Trajectory and global attractors of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes system. (English) Zbl 1130.37404
Summary: We construct the trajectory attractor of a three-dimensional Navier-Stokes system with exciting force . The set consists of a class of solutions to this system which are bounded in , defined on the positive semi-infinite interval of the time axis, and can be extended to the entire time axis so that they still remain bounded-in- solutions of the Navier-Stokes system. In this case any family of bounded-in- solutions of this system comes arbitrary close to the trajectory attractor . We prove that the solutions are continuous in if they are treated in the space of functions ranging in , . The restriction of the trajectory attractor to , , is called the global attractor of the Navier-Stokes system. We prove that the global attractor thus defined possesses properties typical of well-known global attractors of evolution equations. We also prove that as the trajectory attractors and the global attractors of the -order Galerkin approximations of the Navier-Stokes system converge to the trajectory and global attractors and , respectively. Similar problems are studied for the cases of an exciting force of the form depending on time and of an external force rapidly oscillating with respect to the spatial variables or with respect to time .
|37L30||Attractors and their dimensions, Lyapunov exponents|
|35Q35||PDEs in connection with fluid mechanics|
|76D05||Navier-Stokes equations (fluid dynamics)|