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Flattening, squeezing and the existence of random attractors. (English) Zbl 1133.37323
Summary: The study of qualitative properties of random and stochastic differential equations is now one of the most active fields in the modern theory of dynamical systems. In the deterministic case, the properties of flattening and squeezing in infinite-dimensional autonomous dynamical systems require the existence of a bounded absorbing set and imply the existence of a global attractor. The flattening property involves the behaviour of individual trajectories while the squeezing property involves the difference of trajectories. It is shown here that the flattening property is implied by the squeezing property and is in fact weaker, since the attractor in a system with the flattening property can be infinite-dimensional, whereas it is always finite-dimensional in a system with the squeezing property. The flattening property is then generalized to random dynamical systems, for which it is called the pullback flattening property. It is shown to be weaker than the random squeezing property, but equivalent to pullback asymptotic compactness and pullback limit-set compactness, and thus implies the existence of a random attractor. The results are also valid for deterministic nonautonomous dynamical systems formulated as skew-product flows.
37H10Generation, random and stochastic difference and differential equations
35B41Attractors (PDE)
37B55Nonautonomous dynamical systems
37L30Attractors and their dimensions, Lyapunov exponents
60H15Stochastic partial differential equations