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Dynamic complexities of a Holling II two-prey one-predator system with impulsive effect. (English) Zbl 1136.34046

Summary: We investigate the dynamic behavior of a Holling II two-prey one-predator system with impulsive effect concerning biological control and chemical control strategies-periodic releasing natural enemies and spraying pesticide (or harvesting pests) at fixed time. By using the Floquet theory of linear periodic impulsive equation and small-amplitude perturbation we show that there exists a globally asymptotically stable two-prey eradication periodic solution when the impulsive period is less than some critical value. Further, we prove that the system is permanent if the impulsive period is larger than some critical value, and meanwhile the conditions for the extinction of one of the two prey and permanence of the remaining two species are given. Finally, numerical simulation shows that there exists a stable positive periodic solution with a maximum value no larger than a given level. Thus, we can use the stability of the positive periodic solution and its period to control insect pests at acceptably low levels.

See also G. Peng, F. Wang and J. Hui, Int. J. Pure Appl. Math. 34, No. 2, 177–190 (2007; Zbl 1129.34035).

MSC:
34C60Qualitative investigation and simulation of models (ODE)
34C25Periodic solutions of ODE
92D25Population dynamics (general)
34D05Asymptotic stability of ODE
34A37Differential equations with impulses