zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
Multi-branching three-dimensional flow with substantial changes in vessel shapes. (English) Zbl 1161.76065
Summary: This theoretical investigation of steady fluid flow through a rigid three-dimensional branching geometry is motivated by applications to haemodynamics in the brain especially, while the flow through a tube with a blockage or through a collapsed tube provides another motivation with a biomedical background. Three-dimensional motion without symmetry is addressed through one mother vessel to two or several daughters. A comparatively long axial length scale of the geometry leads to a longitudinal vortex system providing a slender-flow model for the complete mother-and-daughters flow response. Computational studies and subsequent analysis, along with comparisons, are presented. The relative flow rate varies in terms of an effective Reynolds number dependence, allowing a wide range of flow rates to be examined theoretically; also any rigid cross-sectional shape and ratio of cross-sectional area expansion or contraction from the mother vessel to the daughters can be accommodated in principle in both the computations and the analysis. Swirl production with substantial crossflows is found. The analysis shows that close to any carina (the ridge separating daughter vessels) or carinas at a branch junction either forward or reversed motion can be observed locally at the saddle point even though the bulk of the motion is driven forward into the daughters. The local forward or reversed motion is controlled, however, by global properties of the geometry and incident conditions, a feature which applies to any of the flow rates examined.
76Z05Physiological flows