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Multiple bifurcations in a delayed predator-prey diffusion system with a functional response. (English) Zbl 1197.35042
Summary: The present paper is concerned with a delayed predator-prey diffusion system with a Beddington-DeAngelis functional response and homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions. If the positive constant steady state of the corresponding system without delay is stable, by choosing the delay as the bifurcation parameter, we can show that the increase of the delay can not only cause spatially homogeneous Hopf bifurcation at the positive constant steady state but also give rise to spatially heterogeneous ones. In particular, under appropriate conditions, we find that the system has a Bogdanov-Takens singularity at the positive constant steady state, whereas this singularity does not occur for the corresponding system without diffusion. In addition, by applying the normal form theory and center manifold theorem for partial functional differential equations, we give normal forms of Hopf bifurcation and Bogdanov-Takens bifurcation and the explicit formula for determining the properties of spatial Hopf bifurcations.
MSC:
35B32Bifurcation (PDE)
35K51Second-order parabolic systems, initial bondary value problems
35K58Semilinear parabolic equations
92D25Population dynamics (general)