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Multiple dark solitons in Bose-Einstein condensates at finite temperatures. (English) Zbl 1210.35200
Summary: We study analytically, as well as numerically, single- and multiple-dark matter-wave solitons in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates at finite temperatures. Our analysis is based on the study of the dissipative Gross-Pitaevskii equation, which incorporates a phenomenological damping term accounting for the interaction of the condensate with the thermal cloud. We illustrate how the negative Krein sign eigenmodes (associated with the the single- or multiple-dark soliton states) can give rise to Hopf bifurcations and oscillatory instabilities, whose ensuing dynamics is also elucidated. In all cases, the finite-temperature induced dynamics results in soliton decay, and the system eventually asymptotes to the ground state.
MSC:
35Q51Soliton-like equations
35A35Theoretical approximation to solutions of PDE