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Stability of a two-strain tuberculosis model with general contact rate. (English) Zbl 1217.34082
Summary: A two-strain tuberculosis model with general contact rate which allows tuberculosis patients with the drug-sensitive Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain to be treated is presented. The model includes both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant strains. A detailed qualitative analysis about positivity, boundedness, existence, uniqueness and global stability of the equilibria of this model is carried out. Analytical results of the model show that the quantities R 1 and R 2 , which represent the basic reproduction numbers of the sensitive and resistant strains, respectively, provide threshold conditions which determine the competitive outcomes of the two strains. Numerical simulations are also conducted to confirm and extend the analytic results.
MSC:
34C60Qualitative investigation and simulation of models (ODE)
92D30Epidemiology
34D20Stability of ODE
34D05Asymptotic stability of ODE
34C28Complex behavior, chaotic systems (ODE)
92C50Medical applications of mathematical biology