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Limit theorems for supercritical age-dependent branching processes with neutral immigration. (English) Zbl 1218.60073

The author considers models of branching processes with Poissonian immigration where individuals have inheritable types. New individuals singly enter the total population and start a new population which evolves like a supercritical, homogeneous, binary Crump-Mode-Jagers process: individuals have independent and identically distributed lifetime durations (nonnecessarily exponential) during which they give birth independently at a constant rate b. First, using spine decomposition, the author relaxes previously known assumptions required for almost-sure convergence of the total population size.

In the paper, three models of structured populations (i.e., populations where individuals have certain types) are considered. In each model, the vector (P 1 ,P 2 ,) of relative abundances of surviving families converges almost surely. In model I, all immigrants have a different type (not present in the current population). If they arrive at rate θ, the vector (P 1 ,P 2 ,) converges to the GEM distribution with parameter θ/b. In models II and III, arriving types are drawn in a discrete or in a continuous spectrum, respectively. The limits of the vectors (P 1 ,P 2 ,) are also described.

MSC:
60J80Branching processes
60G55Point processes
92D25Population dynamics (general)
60J85Applications of branching processes
60F15Strong limit theorems
92D40Ecology