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Semi-direct sums of Lie algebras and continuous integrable couplings. (English) Zbl 1234.37049
Summary: A relation between semi-direct sums of Lie algebras and integrable couplings of continuous soliton equations is presented, and correspondingly, a feasible way to construct integrable couplings is furnished. A direct application to the AKNS spectral problem leads to a novel hierarchy of integrable couplings of the AKNS hierarchy of soliton equations. It is also indicated that the study of integrable couplings using semi-direct sums of Lie algebras is an important step towards complete classification of integrable systems.
MSC:
37K30Relations of infinite-dimensional systems with algebraic structures
17B80Applications of Lie algebras to integrable systems