zbMATH — the first resource for mathematics

Examples
Geometry Search for the term Geometry in any field. Queries are case-independent.
Funct* Wildcard queries are specified by * (e.g. functions, functorial, etc.). Otherwise the search is exact.
"Topological group" Phrases (multi-words) should be set in "straight quotation marks".
au: Bourbaki & ti: Algebra Search for author and title. The and-operator & is default and can be omitted.
Chebyshev | Tschebyscheff The or-operator | allows to search for Chebyshev or Tschebyscheff.
"Quasi* map*" py: 1989 The resulting documents have publication year 1989.
so: Eur* J* Mat* Soc* cc: 14 Search for publications in a particular source with a Mathematics Subject Classification code (cc) in 14.
"Partial diff* eq*" ! elliptic The not-operator ! eliminates all results containing the word elliptic.
dt: b & au: Hilbert The document type is set to books; alternatively: j for journal articles, a for book articles.
py: 2000-2015 cc: (94A | 11T) Number ranges are accepted. Terms can be grouped within (parentheses).
la: chinese Find documents in a given language. ISO 639-1 language codes can also be used.

Operators
a & b logic and
a | b logic or
!ab logic not
abc* right wildcard
"ab c" phrase
(ab c) parentheses
Fields
any anywhere an internal document identifier
au author, editor ai internal author identifier
ti title la language
so source ab review, abstract
py publication year rv reviewer
cc MSC code ut uncontrolled term
dt document type (j: journal article; b: book; a: book article)
On an open problem of Weidmann: essential spectra and square-integrable solutions. (English) Zbl 1237.47046
Authors’ abstract: In [Spectral theory of ordinary differential operators. Lecture Notes in Mathematics 1258. Berlin etc.: Springer-Verlag (1987; Zbl 0647.47052)], J. Weidmann proved that, for a symmetric differential operator τ and a real λ, if there exist fewer square-integrable solutions of (τ-λ)y=0 than needed and if there is a self-adjoint extension of τ such that λ is not its eigenvalue, then λ belongs to the essential spectrum of τ. However, he posed as open problem whether the second condition is necessary and it has been conjectured that the second condition can be removed. In this paper, we first set up a formula of the dimensions of null spaces for a closed symmetric operator and its closed symmetric extension at a point outside the essential spectrum. We then establish a formula of the numbers of linearly independent square-integrable solutions on the left and the right subintervals, and on the entire interval for nth-order differential operators. The latter formula ascertains the above conjecture. These results are crucial in criteria of essential spectra in terms of the numbers of square-integrable solutions for real values of the spectral parameter.
MSC:
47E05Ordinary differential operators
34B20Weyl theory and its generalizations
34L05General spectral theory for OD operators