In waveform relaxation methods for the numerical solution of linear initial value problems (IVPs) in differential equations:
where , , the solution of the IVP (1) is approximated by some obtained from the iterative process
with a suitable splitting so that (2) is easily solved in and converges as fast as possible to the exact solution (see e.g. [U. Miekkala and O. Nevanlinna, SIAM J. Sci. Stat. Comput. 8, 459–482 (1987; Zbl 0625.65063)]).
In the paper under consideration, the standard derivative in (1) is substituted by the Caputo fractional derivative of order studying the application of waveform relaxation methods in this context of fractional differential equations. The contents of the paper is as follows: In Section 2, an introduction of the basic notations, definitions and main results is briefly outlined. Then in the first part of Section 3, several theorems on convergence results for linear problems and finite time intervals with several standard splittings are given. Further, some examples in which the linear term of (1) comes from spatial discretization of diffusion and convection operators are presented to illustrate the application of this theory. In the second part of Section 3, nonlinear IVPs for fractional differential equations: , on finite intervals are considered. Now, the nonlinear splitting of is a suitable function such that and under suitable conditions on sufficient conditions are given for the waveform relation iteration , .