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An exponential matrix method for solving systems of linear differential equations. (English) Zbl 1261.65082
Summary: This paper presents an exponential matrix method for the solutions of systems of high-order linear differential equations with variable coefficients. The problem is considered with the mixed conditions. On the basis of the method, the matrix forms of exponential functions and their derivatives are constructed, and then by substituting the collocation points into the matrix forms, the fundamental matrix equation is formed. This matrix equation corresponds to a system of linear algebraic equations. By solving this system, the unknown coefficients are determined and thus the approximate solutions are obtained. Also, an error estimation based on the residual functions is presented for the method. The approximate solutions are improved by using this error estimation. To demonstrate the efficiency of the method, some numerical examples are given and the comparisons are made with the results of other methods.
MSC:
65L10Boundary value problems for ODE (numerical methods)
34B05Linear boundary value problems for ODE
65L60Finite elements, Rayleigh-Ritz, Galerkin and collocation methods for ODE
65L70Error bounds (numerical methods for ODE)