L’analyse non linéare et ses motivations économiques. (French) Zbl 0551.90001

Collection Mathématiques Appliquées pour la Maîtrise. Paris etc.: Masson. X, 214 p. FF 115.00 (1984).
The purpose of this book is to study those tools of nonlinear (convex) analysis required for solving optimization problems, and for finding various kinds of equilibria.
In a first part the existence of solutions to minimization problems is treated, first in a general context, then in the case of a convex function. The projection theorem, the various separation theorems and the duality relations between convex functions and their conjugate functions are also studied.
In a second part Fermat’s rule is proved, viz. that the gradient of a function vanishes in a minimum. This rule is generalized to nondifferentiable functions using subdifferentials and generalized gradients.
Next, two fundamental theorems of two-person game theory are proved: the von Neumann minimax theorem, and the inequality of Ky Fan. This last inequality is used to derive a series of existence theorems of solutions of nonlinear equations.
These results are applied to prove classical existence theorems of competitive equilibria. The von Neumann growth model is also studied, as well as the Perron-Frobenius theorems on positive matrices.
The last two chapters deal with n-person game theory (cooperative and non cooperative).
Reviewer: W.Pauwels


91B50 General equilibrium theory
90C25 Convex programming
91A12 Cooperative games
91A05 2-person games
90-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to operations research and mathematical programming
91B62 Economic growth models
90C55 Methods of successive quadratic programming type
90C30 Nonlinear programming
65H10 Numerical computation of solutions to systems of equations
49-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to calculus of variations and optimal control
91A10 Noncooperative games