Regularizing sets of irregular points. (English) Zbl 0701.31007

Let U be a relatively compact open subset of \({\mathbb{R}}^ n\) and, for every \(f\in {\mathcal C}(U^*)\), let \(H_ Uf: x\mapsto \epsilon_ x^{\complement U}(f)\) denote the corresponding generalized solution of the classical Dirichlet problem. A subset A of the set \(U^*_{irr}\) of irregular boundary points is called regularizing if, given any \(f\in {\mathcal C}(U^*)\), the relation \(\lim_{x\to z}H_ Uf(x)=f(z)\) holds for every \(z\in U^*_{irr}\) provided it holds for every \(z\in A\). An example shows that a regularizing set A may satisfy \(\lim_{x\to z,x\in A}\epsilon_ x^{\complement U}=\epsilon_ z\) for some \(z\in U^*_{irr}\), i.e., there are regularizing sets which are no “piquetage faible” (negative answer to a question raised by G. Choquet in 1968). A subset B of \(U^*_{irr}\) is called \(\lambda\)-closed if \(\lim_{x\to z,x\in B}\epsilon_ x^{\complement U}=\epsilon_ z\) for every \(z\in \bar B\setminus B\). It is shown that a set A is regularizing if and only if A is \(\lambda\)-dense in \(U^*_{irr}\). In fact this holds for any U in any harmonic space satisfying \(\epsilon_ x^{\complement U}(U^*_{irr})=0\) for every \(x\in U\). For the heat equation in \({\mathbb{R}}^ 2\) a counterexample is given.
Reviewer: W.Hansen


31B20 Boundary value and inverse problems for harmonic functions in higher dimensions
35K05 Heat equation
31B25 Boundary behavior of harmonic functions in higher dimensions
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