Relativistic quantum kinematics in the Moyal representation. (English) Zbl 0706.60108

Summary: We obtain the phase-space quantisation for relativistic spinning particles. The main tool is what we call a ‘Stratonovich-Weyl quantiser’ which relates functions on phase space to operators on a suitable Hilbert space, and has the essential properties of covariance (under a group representation) and traciality. Our phase spaces are coadjoint orbits of the restricted Poincaré group; we compute and explicitly coordinatise the orbits corresponding to massive particles, with or without spin. Some orbits correspond to unitary irreducible representations of the Poincaré group; we show that there is a unique Stratonovich-Weyl quantiser from each of these phase spaces to operators on the corresponding representation spaces, and compute it explicitly.
We develop the formalism by computing relativistic Wigner functions and twisted products for Klein-Gordon particles; these Wigner functions are supported on the mass shell. We thereby obtain an expression for the position probability density which is local, i.e. free from the difficulty of supraluminal propagation of the usual position probability density. It is shown explicitly how observables on phase space may be quantised; for example, we prove that the canonical position coordinate corresponds to the Newton-Wigner position operator, irrespective of spin.
We show how relativistic phase-space quantisation applies to particles governed by the Dirac equation. In effect, we construct a Stratonovich- Weyl quantiser whose associated Hilbert space is the space of positive- energy solutions of the Dirac equation.


60K40 Other physical applications of random processes
81S20 Stochastic quantization
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