## Functional inequalities for the quotients of hypergeometric functions.(English)Zbl 0890.33004

It was proven in [SIAM J. Math. Anal. 21, No. 2, 536-549 (1990; Zbl 0692.33001)] that for the complete elliptic integral of the first kind, $\int_0^{\pi/2} {d\theta \over \sqrt{1-r^2\sin^2\theta}} = {\pi \over 2} F\left( {1\over 2}, {1 \over 2}; 1; r^2 \right),$ if we define $\mu(r) = { F(1/2,1/2;1;1-r^2) \over F(1/2,1/2;1;r^2) },$ then $$\mu(r) + \mu(s) \leq 2 \mu(\sqrt{rs})$$ for all $$r,s \in (0,1)$$. In this paper, the authors prove that for the function $m(r) = { F(a,1-a,1;1-r^2) \over F(a,1-a,1;r^2) },\quad 0<a<1,$ the same inequality, $$m(r) + m(s) \leq 2 m(\sqrt{rs})$$, holds for all $$r,s \in (0,1)$$. They also prove that for $$a \in (0,2)$$ and $$b \in (0,2-a)$$, ${F(a,b;a+b;r^2) \over F(a,b;a+b;1-r^2)} + {F(a,b;a+b;s^2) \over F(a,b;a+b;1-s^2)} \geq 2{F(a,b;a+b;rs) \over F(a,b;a+b;1-rs)}. .$

### MSC:

 33C20 Generalized hypergeometric series, $${}_pF_q$$ 33E05 Elliptic functions and integrals

Zbl 0692.33001
Full Text:

### References:

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