Multiple \(\text{D}0\)-branes in weakly curved backgrounds. (English) Zbl 1068.81582

Summary: We investigate further our recent proposal for the form of the matrix theory action in weak background fields. Using Seiberg’s scaling argument we relate the matrix theory action to a low-energy system of many D0-branes in an arbitrary but weak NS-NS and R-R background. The resulting multiple D0-brane action agrees with the known Born-Infeld action in the case of a single brane and gives an explicit formulation of many additional terms which appear in the multiple brane action. The linear coupling to an arbitrary background metric satisfies the non-trivial consistency condition suggested by Douglas that the masses of off-diagonal fields are given by the geodesic distance between the corresponding pair of D0-branes. This agreement arises from combinatorial factors which depend upon the symmetrized trace ordering prescription found earlier for higher moments of the matrix theory stress-energy tensor. We study the effect of a weak background metric on two graviton interactions and find that our formalism agrees with the results expected from supergravity. The results presented here can be T-dualized to give explicit formulae for the operators in any D-brane world-volume theory which couple linearly to bulk gravitational fields and their derivatives.


81T20 Quantum field theory on curved space or space-time backgrounds
81T30 String and superstring theories; other extended objects (e.g., branes) in quantum field theory
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