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**Lying with maps.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1100.62518

Summary: Darrell Huff’s How to Lie with Statistics was the inspiration for How to Lie with Maps, in which the author showed that geometric distortion and graphic generalization of data are unavoidable elements of cartographic representation. New examples of how ill-conceived or deliberately contrived statistical maps can greatly distort geographic reality demonstrate that lying with maps is a special case of lying with statistics. Issues addressed include the effects of map scale on geometry and feature selection, the importance of using a symbolization metaphor appropriate to the data and the power of data classification to either reveal meaningful spatial trends or promote misleading interpretations.

### MSC:

62P99 | Applications of statistics |

Full Text:
DOI

### References:

[1] | Bertin, J. (1983). Semiology of Graphics . Univ. Wiscons |

[2] | Huff, D. (1954). How to Lie with Statistics . Norton, New York. |

[3] | Jenks, G. F. and Caspall, F. C. (1971). Error on choroplethic maps: Definition, measurement, reduction. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 61 217–244. |

[4] | Kruse, S. (1992). Review of How to Lie with Maps . Whole Earth Review 74 109. |

[5] | MacEachren, A. M., Brewer, C. A. and Pickle, L. W. (1998). Visualizing georeferenced data: Representing reliability of health statistics. Environment and Planning A 30 1547–1561. |

[6] | Monmonier, M. (1976). Modifying objective functions and constraints for maximizing visual correspondence of choroplethic maps. Canadian Cartographer 13 21–34. |

[7] | Monmonier, M. (1977). Maps, Distortion, and Meaning . Commission on College Geography Resource Paper 75-4. Association of American Geographers, Washington. |

[8] | Monmonier, M. (1991). How to Lie with Maps . Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago. |

[9] | Monmonier, M. (1996). How to Lie with Maps , 2nd ed. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago. · Zbl 1100.62518 |

[10] | Swan, J. (1992). Review of How to Lie with Maps . J. Information Ethics 1 86–89. |

[11] | Srinivasan, K. (1998). Basic Demographic Techniques and Applications . Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA. |

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