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**Soft and hard classification by reproducing kernel Hilbert space methods.**
*(English)*
Zbl 1106.62338

Summary: Reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) methods provide a unified context for solving a wide variety of statistical modelling and function estimation problems. We consider two such problems: We are given a training set \(\{y_i,t_i\), \(i=1,\dots,n\}\), where \(y_i\) is the response for the \(i\)th subject, and \(t_i\) is a vector of attributes for this subject. The value of \(y_i\) is a label that indicates which category it came from. For the first problem, we wish to build a model from the training set that assigns to each \(t\) in an attribute domain of interest an estimate of the probability \(p_j(t)\) that a (future) subject with attribute vector \(t\) is in category \(j\). The second problem is in some sense less ambitious; it is to build a model that assigns to each \(t\) a label, which classifies a future subject with that \(t\) into one of the categories or possibly “none of the above”. The approach to the first of these two problems discussed here is a special case of what is known as penalized likelihood estimation. The approach to the second problem is known as the support vector machine. We also note some alternate but closely related approaches to the second problem. These approaches are all obtained as solutions to optimization problems in RKHS. Many other problems, in particular the solution of ill-posed inverse problems, can be obtained as solutions to optimization problems in RKHS and are mentioned in passing. We caution the reader that although a large literature exists in all of these topics, in this inaugural article we are selectively highlighting work of the author, former students, and other collaborators.

### MSC:

62H30 | Classification and discrimination; cluster analysis (statistical aspects) |

46N30 | Applications of functional analysis in probability theory and statistics |

### Software:

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\textit{G. Wahba}, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99, No. 26, 16524--16530 (2002; Zbl 1106.62338)

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