Braces and the Yang-Baxter equation. (English) Zbl 1287.81062

Summary: Several aspects of relations between braces and non-degenerate involutive set-theoretic solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation are discussed and many consequences are derived. In particular, for each positive integer \(n\) a finite square-free multipermutation solution of the Yang-Baxter equation with multipermutation level \(n\) and an abelian involutive Yang-Baxter group is constructed. This answers a problem of Gateva-Ivanova and Cameron. It is proved that finite non-degenerate involutive set-theoretic solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation whose associated involutive Yang-Baxter group is abelian are multipermutation solutions. Earlier the authors proved this with the additional square-free hypothesis on the solutions. It is also proved that finite square-free non-degenerate involutive set-theoretic solutions associated to a left brace are multipermutation solutions.


81R50 Quantum groups and related algebraic methods applied to problems in quantum theory
17B37 Quantum groups (quantized enveloping algebras) and related deformations
16T25 Yang-Baxter equations
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