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Practical threshold password-authenticated secret sharing protocol. (English) Zbl 1503.94053

Pernul, Günther (ed.) et al., Computer security – ESORICS 2015. 20th European symposium on research in computer security, Vienna, Austria, September 21–25, 2015. Proceedings. Part I. Cham: Springer. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 9326, 347-365 (2015).
Summary: Threshold password-authenticated secret sharing (TPASS) protocols allow a client to secret-share a secret \(s\) among \(n\) servers and protect it with a password pw, so that the client can later recover \(s\) from any subset of \(t\) of the servers using the password pw, but so that no coalition smaller than \(t\) learns anything about \(s\) or can mount an offline dictionary attack on the password pw. Some TPASS protocols have appeared in the literature recently. The protocol by A. Bagherzandi et al. [“Password-protected secret sharing”, in: Proceedings of the 18th ACM conference on computer and communications security, CCS ’11, Chicago, IL, USA, 2011. New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). 433–444 (2011; doi:10.1145/2046707.2046758)] leaks the password if a client mistakenly executes the protocol with malicious servers. The first \(t\)-out-of-\(n\) TPASS protocol for any \(n>t\) that does not suffer from this shortcoming was given by J. Camenisch [“Efficient and generalized group signatures”, Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 1233, 465–479 (1997; https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-69053-0_32)]. This protocol, proved to be secure in the UC framework, requires the client to involve in many communication rounds so that it becomes impractical for the client. In this paper, we present a practical TPASS protocol which is in particular efficient for the client, who only needs to send a request and receive a response. In addition, we have provided a rigorous proof of security for our protocol in the standard model.
For the entire collection see [Zbl 1492.68028].

MSC:

94A62 Authentication, digital signatures and secret sharing
94A60 Cryptography
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References:

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