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On the history of mathematics in Valencia and the Mediterranean countries. (Sobre la historia de las matemáticas en Valencia y en los países mediterráneos.) (Spanish) Zbl 1024.01001
València: Universitat de València. 92 p. (1998).
This is a nice and easily readable text on the development of mathematics in the Mediterranean countries with special emphasis on the history of mathematics in Spain in general and the situation in Valencia in particular. It starts with some general considerations about what is and has been understood under mathematics. Clearly in the Mediterranean mathematics began with the developments in Babylon and Egypt, and first famous names appear with classical Greek mathematics: Thales, Pythagoras, Plato, Euclid and Archimedes. The medieval stagnation in the Christian countries is described, and the progress in the Indian-Arabic world is shown as a counterpart, which had special influence on the developments in Spain. There was the change with the printing facilities after Gutenberg and the progress of mathematics during the Renaissance. The most important names are from Italy, but with Jerónimo Muñoz a first remarkable mathematician from Valencia entered the scene. In the 17th, 18th and 19th century there were periods where mathematics was flourishing in Spain and in Valencia and others where drawbacks or an emphasis of special areas only could be observed. The description of these developments finally leads to an analysis of the contemporary situation of mathematics in Spain and the role of the Real Sociedad Matemática Española.
MSC:
01A05 General histories, source books
01-02 Research exposition (monographs, survey articles) pertaining to history and biography
01A74 History of mathematics at institutions and academies (non-university)
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