Analysis of a multi-population kinetic model for traffic flow.

*(English)*Zbl 1367.35102Summary: In this work we extend a recent kinetic traffic model of the first author et al. [Kinet. Relat. Models 10, No. 3, 823–854 (2017; Zbl 1361.35127)] to the case of more than one class of vehicles, each of which is characterized by few different microscopic features. We consider a Boltzmann-like framework with only binary interactions, which take place among vehicles belonging to the various classes. Our approach differs from the multi-population kinetic model proposed in [the first author et al., Commun. Math. Sci. 14, No. 3, 643–669 (2016; Zbl 1338.76113)] because here we assume continuous velocity spaces and we introduce a parameter describing the physical velocity jump performed by a vehicle that increases its speed after an interaction. The model is discretized in order to investigate numerically the structure of the resulting fundamental diagrams and the system of equations is analyzed by studying well posedness. Moreover, we compute the equilibria of the discretized model and we show that the exact asymptotic kinetic distributions can be obtained with a small number of velocities in the grid. Finally, we introduce a new probability law in order to attenuate the sharp capacity drop occurring in the diagrams of traffic.

##### MSC:

35Q20 | Boltzmann equations |

65Z05 | Applications to the sciences |

90B20 | Traffic problems in operations research |

35B40 | Asymptotic behavior of solutions to PDEs |

34A05 | Explicit solutions, first integrals of ordinary differential equations |