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Absolute stability of global pattern formation and parallel memory storage by competitive neural networks. (English) Zbl 0553.92009
Considered is a class of n-dimensional dynamical systems \[ \dot x_ i=a_ i(x_ i)[b_ i(x_ i)-\sum^{n}_{k=1}c_{ik}d_ k(x_ k)],\quad i=1,2,...,n, \] where the matrix \(C=[c_{ik}]\) is symmetric and the system as a whole is competitive. Several examples of applications of this type of equations are indicated as nonlinear neural networks and, in general, global pattern formation.
A global Lyapunov function for the system discussed is introduced. Its absolute stability with infinite but totally disconnected equilibrium points is studied by the LaSalle invariance principle. Decomposition of equilibria of the system into suprathreshold and subthreshold variables is also presented \((x_ i(t)\) is called suprathreshold at t if \(x_ i(t)>\Gamma^-_ i\) where \(\Gamma^-_ i\) stands for inhibitory threshold of \(d_ i)\).
Reviewer: W.Pedrycz

MSC:
92Cxx Physiological, cellular and medical topics
93D05 Lyapunov and other classical stabilities (Lagrange, Poisson, \(L^p, l^p\), etc.) in control theory
92F05 Other natural sciences (mathematical treatment)
37-XX Dynamical systems and ergodic theory
93C15 Control/observation systems governed by ordinary differential equations
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