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Convergence of approximation methods for eigenvalue problem for two forms. (English) Zbl 0584.65033
The eigenvalue problem $$b(u,v)=\lambda a(u,v)$$ $$\forall$$ $$v\in V$$; $$u\in X$$, defined by two bilinear forms on a complex vector space V is considered. The form a is supposed to be symmetric and positive definite, b to be continuous with respect to a; X being the closure of V in the a- norm.
The approximation of the considered problem is defined by a sequence of forms $$a_ n$$, $$b_ n$$ on the space V, with similar properties as a and b, related to a and b by a number of ordering and convergence conditions. By means of the sequence $$a_ n$$, an external approximation $$\{X_ n,r_ n,p_ n\}$$ of the space X is defined such that $$X_ n=\bar V$$ in the $$a_ n$$-norm. Then the general theory of the spectral approximation via (external) approximation of the space is applied.
The main goal of this paper is Theorem 7 giving the convergence of spectral elements (without error bounds). This result covers the classical method of N. Aronszajn [Proc. Symposium spectral theory differential problems, 179-202 (1955; Zbl 0067.091)] and generalizes the paper of R. D. Brown [Rocky Mt. J. Math. 10, 199-215 (1980; Zbl 0445.49043)] concerning the case when b is symmetric.
Reviewer: K.Moszyński

##### MSC:
 65J10 Numerical solutions to equations with linear operators (do not use 65Fxx) 47A10 Spectrum, resolvent 47A55 Perturbation theory of linear operators 47A70 (Generalized) eigenfunction expansions of linear operators; rigged Hilbert spaces
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##### References:
  N. Aronszajn: Approximation methods for eigenvalues of completely continuous symmetric operator. Proc. of Symposium on Spectral Theory and Differential Equations, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 1951, 179-202.  R. D. Brown: Convergence of approximation methods for eigenvalues of completely continuous quadratic forms. Rocky Mt. J. of Math. 10, No. 1, 1980, 199 - 215. · Zbl 0445.49043 · doi:10.1216/RMJ-1980-10-1-199  N. Dunford J. T. Schwartz: Linear Operators, Spectral Theory. New York, Irterscience 1963. · Zbl 0128.34803  T. Kato: Perturbation Theory for Linear Operators. Sprirger Verlag, Berlin 1966. · Zbl 0148.12601  T. Regińska: External approximation of eigenvalue problems in Banach spaces. RAFRO Numerical Analysis, 1984. · Zbl 0554.65043 · eudml:193430  F. Stummel: Diskrete Konvergenz linear Operatoren, I. Math. Ann. 190, 1970, 45 - 92: II. Math. Z. 120, 1971, 231-264. · Zbl 0203.45301 · doi:10.1007/BF01349967  H. F. Weinberger: Variational methods for eigenvalue approximation. Reg. Conf. Series in appl. math. 15, 1974. · Zbl 0296.49033
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